Fact Sheet: Expanding WSIB coverage

1.8 million workers are not covered – are you?

POLL_Graphs2-06A century ago, Ontario was a world leader when it created the first comprehensive ”no fault” workers compensation system. Today, only 72 percent of Ontario’s workplaces are covered – that is the lowest coverage of any province or territory in Canada. About 1.8 million workers in Ontario are not covered.

POLL_Graphs2-04The nature of work has changed in Ontario over the last century and so has the nature of injuries. Now injuries happen most often in service jobs. There are a number of sectors with no WSIB coverage.

Experts agree – everyone should be covered

From the beginning, experts have been recommending Ontario’s workers compensation system should cover everyone. When Sir William Meredith’s Royal Commission in 1913 proposed a workers compensation system, he found no logical reason why, if one employer must cover its workers, another should not be required to do the same.

Ten years ago, independent expert Brock Smith chaired a public review of workers’ compensation coverage. He recommended all workers and employers be covered unless specifically excluded in the Act.  The Report was approved by the WSIB Board of Directors.

In his December 2009 report about the WSIB’s unfunded liability, the Auditor General said expanding coverage was a key “lever” available to improve WSIB funding levels.

More workers covered by WSIB equals less pressure on the public purse

When workers with WSIB coverage suffer an illness or injury at a workplace, the costs – which might include healthcare, wage replacement, and retraining – are paid by employers. Workers without WISB coverage often have to rely on OHIP, social assistance, or disability support programs. In other words, taxpayers end up paying for workplace injuries and workers don’t receive the supports they need to return to leading productive lives. As a result their reliance on health and social supports may be extended. Universal coverage puts the cost of workplace injuries where it belongs; with the employer, as a cost of doing good business.

Universal coverage levels the playing field and reduces costs

Provinces with higher coverage levels, such as British Columbia (with 93 percent) and Alberta (with 92 percent), spread the pool of risk across more employers, lowering the average cost.

By contrast, businesses currently covered under Ontario’s WSIB pay more because some employers aren’t paying their share. Employers covered by the WSIB pay $200 million a year for province-wide health and safety programs that benefit all workplaces.

Under universal coverage, businesses newly included in the WSIB aren’t likely to lose much and have something to gain. Government research shows that there would be no long-term negative impact on employment due to expansion. In addition, WSIB coverage protects employers from unpredictable and expensive lawsuits.

Expanding WSIB coverage to include all workers in Ontario would level the playing field for employers, lowering costs for everyone.

What needs to happen?

The Workplace Safety and Insurance Act should be revised to expand coverage to all employers. The Act should be inclusive – all employers would be presumed to be covered – rather than listing only the sectors covered, and coverage should be simplified, creating one common plan and a level playing field for all employers.


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